Stewart Culin (1858–1959) was a prominent games historian, especially of East and South-East Asian and Native American games.
- 1891: The Gambling Games of the Chinese in America
- 1895: Korean Games with notes on the corresponding games of China and Japan
- republished in 1958 under the title Games of the Orient
- 1895: Chinese Games with Dice and Dominoes
- 1896: Chess and Playing Cards
- 1899: Hawaiian GamesF
- 1900: Philippine GamesG
- 1907: Games of the North American Indians
- 1924: Mah-JongI
Culin usually only presents names and terms in their transliterated form. For Chinese, it seems that the most common dictionary he used was the Tonic Dictionary of the Chinese Language in the Canton Dialect [英華分韻撮要], so they are almost always presented in Cantonese pronunciation.
⚠️ This section is currently incomplete.
Domino (骨牌 gwat¹ paai⁴) games:
- Tsung shap (dispute for tens): 訟十 zung⁶ sap⁶
- K’ím t’ái shap (grasp many tens): 拑太十 kim⁴ taai³ sap⁶
- Ch’í t’ái shap (grasp many tens): 摯太十 zi³ taai³ sap⁶
- K’ap t’ái shap (complete many tens) 及太十 kap⁶ taai³ sap⁶
- K’ap shap (completing tens) 及十 kap⁶ sap⁶
- K’ím shap (grasping tens): 拑十 kim⁴ sap⁶
- Shap tsai (little tens) 十仔 sap⁶ zai²
Culin, Stewart (). Korean Games with notes on the corresponding games of China and Japan. University of Pennsylvania: Philadelphia, PA, USA.
Culin, Stewart (). Games of the Orient. Tuttle: Rutland, Vermont & Tokyo, Japan.
Williams, Samuel Wells (). Tonic Dictionary of the Chinese Language in the Canton Dialect [英華分韻撮要]. Canton.