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Yasakukari (八道行成, also pronounced yasugari or yasukari) is an old board game, played in Japan,Possibly China as well, but I have not been able to find any more information about this yet. of the Fox and Geese family.A[p. 77]

The game is named in the book Wamyō Ruijushō (倭名類聚抄, ‘Japanese names, classified and annotated’), published in 938, so it was played in Japan since at least the Heian period. The name of the game also appears in the fifth-century Mahāparinirvāṇa sūtra, where it is described as a game to avoid,B[p. 205]For other games that the Buddha says to avoid, see Brewster (1958). but it is possible that this might not refer to the same game.


The description below is mostly based upon [D].

Diagram of the initial setup, from the Wakan Sansai Zue (和漢三才図会, ‘Illustrated Sino-Japanese Encyclopedia’), first published in 1712.


One player has the single piece which starts in the centre, the other player has the 16 pieces that start on the intersections around the border.

The player with the single piece starts the game.

On each player’s turn they may move one of their pieces to any empty adjacent intersection. If the single piece moves to an intersection directly between two other pieces, it captures both of them.

The player with multiple pieces wins by surrounding the single piece so that it cannot move. The single piece player wins by reducing the number of other pieces so that they are no longer able to surround it.

See also

The game Sixteen Soldiers is probably a later version of this game.


  1. (). ⁨⁩. University of Pennsylvania⁩: Philadelphia, PA, USA.

  2. (). ‘⁨⁩’. Pages 159–219 in From Chang’an to Nālandā: The Life and Legacy of the Chinese Buddhist Monk Xuanzang (602?–664)⁩. World Scholastic⁩. ISBN: 978-981-14-6185-9.

  3. (). ‘⁨⁩’. Acta Orientalia vol. 23: pages 33–42.

  4. (). ‘⁨⁩’ [archived]. Boardwalk Community⁩.


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