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Here I collect some terms instead of reëxplaining them in many articles, as well as providing a place for discussion or expansion.


A group of cards in Kànhǔ is called an ‘eye’ ( Cantonese: ngaan⁵).A[p. 156] In other games combinations are called called ‘ox’ ( Cantonese: ngau⁴).B[p. 88] I wonder if both terms are derived by modifying ‘pair’ ( Cantonese: ngau⁵)?C[p. 323]

In Mahjong the ‘eye’ is the pair that is required to make a complete hand.

Also murnivall, mourneval, mournaval, mourniuall, mornyfle; from French mornifle ‘slap’. An old English term for a set of four cards of the same rank.
Also perryall, priol, prioll; from “pair royal”. An old English term for a set of three cards of the same rank.
Payment made to the owner of a gambling establishment, as a fixed fee per game or as a percentage of winnings.
  • From the Chinese: ?
  • Thai: ต๋ง (tong)
  • Also used in Australia amongst Aboriginal groups who play Kuns.D[p. 42]


  1. (). ‘⁨⁩’. The Brooklyn Museum Quarterly vol. 11 (4), : pages 153–168.

  2. (). ⁨Gambling Games of Malaya⁩. The Caxton Press⁩: Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

  3. (). ⁨⁩ [英華分韻撮要]. Canton.

  4. and (). ‘⁨A Note on Kuns: An Aboriginal Card Game from the North-West of Western Australia⁩’. Department of Aboriginal Affairs’ Newsletter vol. 11: pages 41–49.


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